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» » The different foot shape

The different foot shapes and how to fit them


Every foot is different, and it is important to know what type of foot you have so that you can fit your shoes properly. So whether you have a Greek or Egyptian foot, hollow or flat, Podexpert can help you find the right footwear and relieve your pain.


Egyptian, Greek or square ?

The Egyptian foot is characterised by a first toe that is larger than the others. It is the most common foot type, occurring in 50.8% of the population.
The Greek foot which is characterised by a 2ᵉ toe that is larger than the others. It is found in 40.2% of the population.
The square foot or Roman foot where the first 4 toes are aligned. It is present in 9% of the population.


Foot shape egyptian roman greek


The different foot shapes: Egyptian foot, Roman foot or Greek foot


A common condition of the Egyptian foot is bunion. With this type of foot, the big toe will deviate towards the other toes.

In the case of the Greek foot, the second toe will determine the size of the shoe. If the shoe is too tight, this toe may fold in on itself due to lack of space and take on a claw shape (claw toe) or a hammer shape (hammer toe).


Physiological, flat or hollow ?

It is characterized according to the footbed.


The flat foot, also known as valgus flat foot, has no arch or a very low arch.

Normally, there is a gap under the inner part of the foot when a person stands, as the inner arch of the sole of the foot lifts slightly from the ground. The flat foot can also be valgus if the heel collapses inwards.


The hollow foot is characterized by an excessive arching of the inner arch. The foot is supported only on the forefoot and the heel, which can lead to hyper-pressure. This type of foot can be varus, which means that the foot sinks outwards. This type of foot is also more unstable.


Normal hollow flat


Differences normal, hollow or flat


A shoe for each foot shape

Yes, it's true, not everyone can wear the same pair of shoes, because everyone has different foot shapes.



Comfortable shoes selection



People with a square foot shape will need more space in the forefoot. Therefore, shoes with a narrow or pointed front should be avoided. The most suitable shoes are those with a square or round toe. Ballerinas are one of these types of shoes.


For the Egyptian foot shape, choose shoes that have enough space for the big toe and sufficient overall width to avoid crushing it. Pointed shoes are therefore not recommended.


Finally, those with Greek feet can wear pointed shoes. However, the Greek foot is particularly vulnerable to certain foot problems such as overloading of the second toe. This second toe is normally not as strong as the big toe. This can lead to the formation of toe claws if the front of the shoe is not long enough. Although the Greek foot shape can work well with pointed shoes, high heels are not recommended as they will push the feet forward.


However, at Podexpert, all of our shoes are suitable for this type of complication. Our shoes, even pointed ones, have a wide template on the forefoot to avoid any compression.


Author : Philippe Vesin - Pedorthist