Bunion : definition
A bunion is a deformity of the foot, more precisely of the first toe. This pathology can lead to complications that may require surgery. But we will see that with the right shoes, such as a pair of shoes for bunions, it is possible to avoid surgery and relieve painful bunion.
Hallux valgus is a deformity of the forefoot and more particularly of the big toe. Its joint is deviated towards the outside, resulting in a point on the inner edge of the foot.
While the tip of the big toe is deviated towards the inside of the foot and tends to push the other toes outwards.
This bony protrusion is commonly known as a "bunion".
This deformity can lead to a bunion surgical operation, but there are many alternatives before this happens. A toe deformity such as hallux valgus or even a claw toe can cause pain that can even prevent you from walking.
This medical condition is the most common deformity of the foot and ankle. In fact, it affects just under one in 10 people in France.
The disease generally appears between the ages of 40 and 50, especially in women, and is often bilateral.
Bunions are classified according to the angle of deviation of the big toe (between the metatarsal axis and that of the first phalanx):
We will see later that this pathology evolves over time, but that solutions are possible to slow down this evolution before considering surgery, which can be painful.
Your doctor or other medical professional should test these options before considering surgery.
Anatomy of a bunion
Here are the main causes of bunion :
Most feet that lead to bunions are actually very good feet, but their anatomy is more suited to walking barefoot on natural surfaces. The bunion needs to grip to function, which is impossible on hard city floors and especially in some women's shoes that prevent any toe activity due to lack of space.
This lack of activity of the toes, and more particularly the bunion, encourages the accentuation of its deformation, the deficit of the adductors and the retraction of the tendons which dislocate and become flexors. A vicious circle begins, progressively worsening over the years and often leading to irreducible and painful bunions.
Another condition may be hallux rigidus, which corresponds to arthrosis of the big toe and leads to stiffness.
Hallux valgus, without surgery, will not go away, however, wearing the right shoes and taking care of your feet will help you walk and live with a bunion. Most doctors will first try foot orthotics and advise you to wear a specializing pair of shoes before recommending surgery to remove the bunion.
Preventive measures are effective for an early and reducible deformity.
Choosing a good shoe for bunions
Good footwear often relieves rubbing pain.
Podexpert has selected a whole range of medical bunion shoes that will help you relieve the pain caused by your bunion rubbing against the upper of your shoe. We assure you that wearing shoes adapted to this type of deformity will bring you unprecedented relief.
There are many criteria to consider when choosing your shoes if you suffer from bunion:
More information on the subject: Which are the best shoes for bunion ?
To be done with a physiotherapist and/or at home.
Remember to choose shoes with removable inserts to accommodate your orthopedic inserts, which must be made by a health professional such as a pedorthist, podiatrist or orthopedist.
This type of brace will help straighten the first toe at night.
Discover also our range of silicone foot protectors to relieve your pain. The main one is the Pedisoft bunion guard. It will provide immediate and long-lasting relief from pain related to bunion.
Indeed, this one is made of silicone, which allows to have a soft and durable protection. Thanks to the "memory" effect, it adapts perfectly to the contours of each part of the foot without slipping and returns to its initial shape immediately after use.
If you have pain under the forefoot, you can turn to the cushioning pads.
Bunions, without surgical operation, will not go away, however, wearing the right shoes and taking care of your feet will help you walk and live with a bunion. Most doctors will first try foot orthotics and advise you to wear a suitable pair of shoes before recommending surgery to remove the foot bunion.
However, if foot surgery becomes necessary to relieve your pain, here are some things to be aware of:
Many people do not require a general anesthetic during surgery, a local anesthetic is often sufficient for this surgical procedure.
The most common types of bunion removal procedures include osteotomy, exostectomy and arthrodesis. Your surgeon will know which one is right for you and which one is safe.
In the case of an outpatient procedure, you will be discharged from the hospital or clinic and returned home the same evening.
Recovery time may take several weeks and will depend on the medical technique used and any post-operative complications.
Author : Philippe Vesin - Pedorthist